WHAT IS A CONCUSSION?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jot to the head or body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. The movement can disrupt the metabolic functioning of the brain, causing many of the common symptoms seen immediately after a hit. It is important for athletes to report concussions because the cumulative effects of repeated concussions can result in permanent intellectual and cognitive changes.
After experiencing a concussion, rest is the best treatment for the first 24 to 48 hours, as it helps the brain heal faster. If the athlete is still symptomatic, forcing him or her to heavily exert either physically or mentally early in the recovery process will likely lengthen the recovery period. This means abstaining from sports, as well as any other activities that require sustained mental exertion, from test-taking to playing video games.