What is the Most Common Neurological Disorder?
Headaches are one of the most commonly cited neurological problems, through the root cause can vary for each patient. For adult-onset neurological disorders, the most common is stroke. This is followed by Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injuries.
Can Neurological Disorders be Reversed?
The answer to this varies greatly by what disorder is being treated. Acute injuries, like brain injuries or some strokes, may be able to be reversed in that all signs and effects are remediated through treatment. However, once nerve damage occurs, it can usually not be completely undone, though some effects can be mitigated.
Other conditions, like Alzheimer’s disease and ALS, have no cure. The goal of physical therapy in these cases is to slow down progression and offer tools to cope with the effects of these diseases.
What Is a Neurological Disability?
Neurological disability is another way to refer to a neurological disorder, which involves damage to the nervous system that results in some mental or bodily function loss. This can be caused by infections, heart attacks, genetic disorders, or a lack of oxygen. The severity of a neurological disability can vary from person to person.
What Does a Neuro Therapist Do?
A neurological physical therapist, commonly called a neuro-therapist, is a physical therapist who is trained in neurological conditions. They specialize in the evaluation and treatment of individuals with movement problems related to disease or injury of the nervous system. These therapists aim to help patients regain some to most of the functions they lost because of the injury, helping the patient to live independently or more independently again.
What Are the Primary Objectives of Neurological Rehabilitation?
There are five key objectives for physical therapy related to neurological conditions:
- Provide therapy focused on the needs of each patient and their family.
- Restore abilities to the maximum level of function possible, allowing for the highest level of independence and a return to the home or community.
- Education of the patient, family, and/or caregiver on the specific type of injury or condition, along with explanations of the plan of care and therapy to treat the condition and meet the patient’s goals.
- Provide ongoing psychosocial support for the patient in a therapeutic environment.
- Support long-term goals by offering continuous therapies, both in and out of the office.
Why Would Someone Need Neurological Physical Therapy?
A person would most likely need neurological physical therapy after suffering an injury or developing an illness that affects the brain and spinal cord. Physical therapy is used to help people recover, regain strength and movement, and improve the ability to perform daily tasks as they recover or as their illness progresses. Neurological conditions may occur suddenly, like when an accident occurs, or be progressive and worsen over time, like with Parkinson’s disease.
What Does a Physical Therapy Neurological Test Assess?
There are a variety of tests that can be used to assess the coordination of body parts and motor control between the brain and muscles. These help to determine if the signals that are being sent to the brain are reaching the muscles quickly and efficiently, allowing them to function properly. Examples of these tests may be asking you to move objects with your eyes, touching your finger to your nose, or rapidly alternating movements.
How Does Physical Therapy Address Neurological Problems?
For people with neurological problems, physical therapy can increase the use of muscles that are weak and improve motor control, coordination, and balance. These skills can increase independence in daily tasks and movements for patients who otherwise struggle.
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